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2018年雅思考试真题回忆

时间:2018-09-17 18:24来源:网络采集 作者:南充英语培训 点击:


  【口语】

   

  最近30天口语话题TOP15

   

   

  Part 1

  Part 2&3

  1

  Work or studies

  特别的一餐

  2

  Home/Accommodation

  想去的国家/城市

  3

  Name

  省钱

  4

  Hometown

  电视节目

  5

  Outdoor activities

  未来的完美假期

  6

  Friends

  优质服务

  7

  Animals

  有名的运动员

  8

  Sleep

  近来喜事

  9

  Rainy days

  街市购物

  10

  News/newspapers

  需改进的公共场所

  11

  Music

  礼貌场合

  12

  Gift

  好照片

  13

  Study time

  科技产品

  14

  Physical exercise

  受欢迎的人

  15

  Travel

  重要的河流/水域

   

   

  以下为本次考试部分高频话题解析:

   

  Part 1

Dream job

   

  What was the dream job for you when you were young?

   

  参考答案:

  When I was little, I was dreaming about becoming a basketball player. Because I watched a popular Japanese animation that portrays a wonderful basketball team, so I wanted to be a player just like the one from the animation.

   

  What do you plan to do in the future?

   

  参考答案:

  As I’m studying computer science now, so I plan to work in the field of artificial intelligence in the future.

   

  What kinds of jobs are popular in China?

   

  参考答案:

  From my point of view, many of my friends study finance now, and they want to work in the bank or security companies, so I guess financial-related jobs are quite popular.

   

  Have you had part-time job before?

   

  参考答案:

  Yeah, I had many part-time jobs before. I used to work in a convenience store and a petrol station to earn some pocket money.

   

   

  Part 2 & 3

  Part 2题目

   

  Describe a situation (or a time) when you helped someone.

  You should say:

  What the situation was

  Who the person was

  How you helped the person

  And explain how you felt after helping the person.

   

  提示:

  此话题属于“事件”类话题,助人为乐。此类问题有可能问的是你帮助别人,或者别人帮助你的情况,要注意灵活转换。可以描述很多情况,比如问路、搬家、辅导作业、工作中的帮助等等。在谈及感想时,根据所帮助的内容与结果的不同,可以谈助人为乐的好处,也可以谈一些伸手党,理所当然接受帮助的情况。

   

  参考答案:

  I remember one time when I was on the subway, there was a foreigner sitting beside me, and he was talking to someone else, I thought they were friends so I didn’t really pay attention. All of a sudden, he turned to me and said “Can you speak English?” I was a bit surprised and looked at both of them. It came out they didn’t know each other, and the foreigner was actually asking directions, but the girl beside him doesn’t speak English. So I helped to check his address on Baidu map, and found out that he took the wrong subway. I told him the correct line and direction, and wrote down the address he was about to go in Pinyin.

  I was happy to help strangers. There was one time I saw a boy helping an old man carry the heavy luggage upstairs, and I was moved. This time I myself was able to help someone else as well. I felt great that I can be of some help to others. It is important for us to help each other and create a helping society.

   

  重点词汇及表达:

  ①all of a sudden: 常用表达;突然,忽然

  Eg:And all of a sudden, it came so crystal clear to me who this guy was.

   

  ②be about to: 词组;即将,正打算

  Eg:It is a telling sign that specialty coffee may be about to go mainstream.

   

  ③upstairs: 副词;上楼

  Eg:Please carry the desk upstairs.

   

  ④ moved: 动词,形容词;感动

  Eg:And we have an update this morning to a report that moved many of our listeners.

   

  Part 3题目

   

  1. In your view, should children be taught to help others?

   

  参考答案:

  Yes, I think so. Children can learn a lot of things by helping others. They can learn to be less selfish and more willing to share with others. If children can learn to be friendly and helpful, in return, he or she may be treated nicely by others as well. It will help them become a popular person.

   

  重点词汇及表达:

  ①selfish: 形容词;自私的

  Eg:Judging by his actions, he is rather selfish.

   

  ②willing: 形容词;乐意的,心甘情愿的

  Eg:Jay Carney was willing to discuss the programme this week, mainly because NBC News published the paper.

   

  2. Do you think people are less willing to help others these days, compared to the past? (Why?/Why not?)

   

  参考答案:

  It is sad to say yes. Nowadays we are afraid to help others, because we are not sure if the person is really in need. Some people may pretend that they are in trouble, when you help them, they’ll blame you for causing the trouble and sometimes you have to pay for a ridiculous amount of money, either compensation or medical fee. So nowadays people are getting more and more indifferent.

   

  重点词汇及表达:

  ①compensation: 名词;补偿,赔偿金

  Eg:We hope that a representative will soon be appointed to come here for the discussion on the compensation.

   

  ②indifferent: 形容词;冷漠的,漠不关心的,不闻不问的

  Eg:This is no surprise given that investors are largely indifferent to pre-IPO compensation practices.

   

  3. Do people today trust others as much as they used to in the past?

   

  参考答案:

  I think people nowadays trust others less than before. In the past, people who lived in the same community knew each other and helped each other, and they were friendly to strangers as well. However nowadays, we don’t really know who our neighbors are and seldom talk to them. And we hesitate to help strangers because we are afraid of being cheated.

   

  重点词汇及表达:

  ①community: 名词;社区

  Eg:The community is densely populated.

   

  ②hesitate: 动词;犹豫

  Eg:However, if our office can be of further assistance, please do not hesitate to contact us.

   

   

   

  本次口语解析由以下沪江留学老师产出

   

  王栋老师

  沪江网校首席雅思口语名师;雅思口语8分;英文专业8级;10年以上英文教学经验;获教育部“语言学教学资格证书”;剑桥大学TKT教师资格证书;西安外国语学院本科英语教育专业;韩国庆熙大学硕士国际贸易专业;美国华盛顿工作经验。

   

   

   

  【写作】

   

  A类小作文:

   

  题目:The bar chart below shows changes in percentages of population in four countries in the total population around the world in 1950, 2002 and the prospection in 2050.

   

  Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant. Write at least 150 words.

   

  

   

  解题思路:

  本题为较为常见的条形图。首先可以概括整体情况,中、印人口占比最大,日本最低。具体描述可以分为图例的三个年份。1950年,中国人口占世界人口比例最高,其次为印度。2002年,印度人口占比上升,而其他三国比例皆下降。2050年,印度人口占比将超过中国,成为四国中最高。中国、日本人口占比将下降,而美国则将保持不变。需要注意的是,1950年和2002年是过去的时间,时态需要用过去时。2050年是将来的时间,需要用将来时或一般现在时表将来。

   

  参考范文:

  The column graph gives data on the proportions of global population in four nations in three different years, including the projection for the year 2050.

   

  As is obvious from the illustration, China and India take up the highest share of population in all these years, while the overall figure for Japan was and will still be the lowest throughout the period.

   

  Specifically, China took a lead in 1950, with nearly a quarter of the world population. It was followed by India, which represented around 15% of the global figure. About 8% of people in the world were from the USA, compared to a share of less than 5% from Japan. In 2002, the percentage of the Indian population rose visibly to approximately 18%, while the rest three countries—China, the USA and Japan—all witnessed a moderate decline in their ratios.

   

  Following this trend, it is predicted that India will account for a higher global share in its population and reach nearly 20% in 2050, surpassing China and making it the most populous among the four. By contrast, the 2050 population proportions of China and Japan are expected to drop to around 15% and 2% respectively. Meanwhile, the number for the USA is likely to remain the same at 5%.

   

   

  重点表达:

  ①projection: n.    预测

  ②take a lead:      领先

  ③represent: v.   等于,相当于

  ④compared to:   与…相比

  ⑤surpass: v.     超过

   

   

  本次机经真题解析由以下沪江留学老师产出

   

  王幼萍老师

  沪江网校留学教研老师,复旦大学英语硕士,主攻雅思托福等留学考试。持国家人事部翻译笔译一级证书、口译二级证书;TESOL认证。具有丰富的线上线下雅思教学经验,参与多种雅思课程的设计规划与制作,帮助多名1V1学生达到雅思写作7分。

   

  A类大作文:

  题目:Nowadays advertising aimed at children is on the rise. Some people think this has negative effects and should be banned. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

  题型:同意与否题

   

  话题:媒体类

   

  解题思路:本次考察的话题是过去多次考过的一道旧题,考察媒体与青少年的教育。需要提醒烤鸭们的是,本道题不仅仅在问广告的利弊,要注意题目中的aimed at children修饰语,限定了对象是针对孩子的广告,在讨论时要把children结合进来。

   

  参考范文:

  Nowadays, individuals are surrounded by all kinds of advertisements, some of which are directly aimed at children and will inevitably influence their life significantly. Therefore, the questioning against children-targeted advertising has started. However,

  I personally am not convinced by the suggestion that such advertisements ought to be forbidden.

   

  It is obvious that advertisements aimed at children can be misleading and bring potential dangers to young people. As manufacturers and companies are often profit-oriented, they have a tendency to exaggerate the merits of their goods but conceal their demerits. As a result, kids and teenagers often cannot resist the temptations and ask their parents to buy commodities that they barely need, falling into the trap of impulsive consumption. A case in point is children's toys, as a huge amount of money has been wasted on purchasing toys regardless of price or functions. Besides, children overly exposed to advertisements will develop consciousness towards brands, which may lead to comparing and competition with their peers at school.

   

  However, it is not a wise policy to ban those advertisements completely. As one of the major benefits of advertisements is that they make contribution to the economy, those aimed at children contribute to the whole industry of children-related products. If those advertisements were to be banned, the whole industry would be seriously affected. In addition, not all of television ads contain misleading or even harmful information. Public service ads serve to educate and help young people to develop good habits and become qualified citizens. Therefore, it is not advisable to prohibit all advertising of children's products.

   

  In conclusion, advertising targeted at children should be strictly scrutinized and regulated by authorities, whereas simply banning all ads is never a good solution.

   

   

  重点表达:

  ①profit-oriented: adj. 利益导向的

  ②exaggerate: v. 夸张,夸大

  ③impulsive consumption: 冲动消费

  ④consciousness: n. 意识

  ⑤public service ad: 公益广告

  ⑥scrutinize: v. 仔细检查

   

  本次机经真题解析由以下沪江留学老师产出

   

  刘维嘉老师

  沪江网校雅思写作阅读名师,具有丰富的线上线下授课经验;浙江大学本科毕业,范德堡大学教育学硕士;获上海市英语高级口译证书,高中英语教师资格证书;美国高中和大学任教经验。

   

   

  【听力】

  Section 1

  新题

  Section One

  场景

  题型

  咨询

  填空(10题)

  内容概述:二手车购买咨询

  Completion 1-10

  1 light

  2 tyre

  3 manger

  4 8 years

  5 automatic

  6 Station

  7 Thursday

  8 supermarket

  9 Gerald

  10 identification

   

  Section 2

  新题

  Section Two

  场景

  题型

  独白

  选择(6题)

  配对(4题)

  内容概述:农场

  11-16 选择

  待补充

  17-20配对

  17 government—building

  18 hospital—cooking class

  19 supermarket—keep fit

  20 soil

   

  Section 3

  新题

  Section There

  场景

  题型

  学术讨论

  选择(6题)

  配对(4题)

   

  21-26 选择

  待补充

  27-30 配对

  27 bones

  28 C

  29 sleeping

  30 walking long distance --- keep balance

   

  Section 4

  旧题

  Section Four

  场景

  题型

  讲座

  Completion 10

  内容回忆:飞行

  31 marketing

  32 airlines

  33 behaviours

  34 pilot

  35 exercise

  36 data

  37 hands

  38 technology

  39 privacy

  40 feedback

   

  (答案仅供参考)

   

   

   

  【阅读】

  Passage1Bar Code

  新题

  文章大意:文章讲述条形码是如何产生的,发展过程,讨论如何使用它及其使用的场合和好处。

   

  答案回忆:

  1-6 填空

  1. device

  2. speed

  3. unreliable

  4. laser

  5. standalization

  6. number

  7. marathons

  8. bees

   

  9-13 判断

  9. TRUE

  10.  NOT GIVEN

  11.  NOT GIVEN

  12.  FALSE

  13.  TRUE

   

  Passage2:音乐表演

  新题

  文章大意:影响音乐家表演的原因 musician and performance

   

  答案回忆:

  14-20 标题配对

  14. vi

  15. i

  16. vii

  17. iv

  18. v

  19. viii

  20. ii

   

  21-22 多选

  21. C

  22. E

   

  23-26 完成句子

  待补充

   

  Passage3indoor air pollution

  旧题

  文章大意:室内炉灶空气污染

   

  答案回忆:

  27-31 选择

  27.  A

  28.  C

  29.  B

  30.  A

  31.  D

   

  32-36 判断

  32.  YES

  33.  NG

  34.  NO

  35.  NO

  36.  YES

   

  37-40 配对

  37. C

  38. G

  39. B

  40. E

   

  (答案仅供参考,南充英语培训搜集整理)

   



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